Cannabidiol is an allosteric modulator at
mu- and delta-opioid receptors
Kathmann M, Flau K, Redmer A, Trankle C, Schlicker E.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology,
School of Medicine, University of Bonn,
Reuterstr. 2b, 53113, Bonn, Germany,
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2006 Feb 18;
ABSTRACTOhe mechanism of action of cannabidiol, one of the major constituents of cannabis, is not well understood but a noncompetitive interaction with mu opioid receptors has been suggested on the basis of saturation binding experiments. The aim of the present study was to examine whether cannabidiol is an allosteric modulator at this receptor, using kinetic binding studies, which are particularly sensitive for the measurement of allosteric interactions at G protein-coupled receptors. In addition, we studied whether such a mechanism also extends to the delta opioid receptor. For comparison, (-)-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC; another major constituent of cannabis) and rimonabant (a cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist) were studied. In mu opioid receptor binding studies on rat cerebral cortex membrane homogenates, the agonist (3)H-DAMGO bound to a homogeneous class of binding sites with a K(D) of 0.68+/-0.02 nM and a B(max) of 203+/-7 fmol/mg protein. The dissociation of (3)H-DAMGO induced by naloxone 10 muM (half life time of 7+/-1 min) was accelerated by cannabidiol and THC (at 100 muM, each) by a factor of 12 and 2, respectively. The respective pEC(50) values for a half-maximum elevation of the dissociation rate constant k(off) were 4.38 and 4.67; (3)H-DAMGO dissociation was not affected by rimonabant 10 muM. In delta opioid receptor binding studies on rat cerebral cortex membrane homogenates, the antagonist (3)H-naltrindole bound to a homogeneous class of binding sites with a K(D) of 0.24+/-0.02 nM and a B(max) of 352+/-22 fmol/mg protein. The dissociation of (3)H-naltrindole induced by naltrindole 10 muM (half life time of 119+/-3 min) was accelerated by cannabidiol and THC (at 100 muM, each) by a factor of 2, each. The respective pEC(50) values were 4.10 and 5.00; (3)H-naltrindole dissociation was not affected by rimonabant 10 muM. The present study shows that cannabidiol is an allosteric modulator at mu and delta opioid receptors. This property is shared by THC but not by rimonabant.THC
Stoned as a newt?
The nectar of delight
Cannabis and schizophrenia
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15
The Hedonistic Imperative
When Is It Best To Take Crack Cocaine?
The Good Drug Guide
The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family