Estrogen recruits the endocannabinoid system to modulate emotionality
Hill MN, Karacabeyli ES, Gorzalka BB.
Department of Psychology,
University of British Columbia,
2136 West Mall, Vancouver,
BC, Canada V6T1Z4.
Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2007 Mar 26;
ABSTRACTEstrogen administration elicits anxiolytic and antidepressant-like effects in female rats; however, the mechanism of this effect is unknown. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), the enzyme which degrades the endocannabinoid anandamide, has been shown to be regulated by estrogen. Thus, we examined if the anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of estrogen implicated the endocannabinoid system. In the first experiment, ovariectomized female rats were administered a single injection of 17beta-estradiol (10mug) or oil, and 48h later were given an injection of the cannabinoid CB(1) receptor antagonist AM251 (1mg/kg) or vehicle. One hour after AM251 or vehicle administration, subjects were tested in either the open field test (OFT), elevated plus maze (EPM) or the forced swim test (FST). Estradiol treatment resulted in a significant increase in open arm entries in the EPM and time spent in the center quadrant of the OFT, which were reversed by co-treatment with AM251, suggesting that endocannabinoids are integral to the anxiolytic effects of estrogen. No significant effects of estradiol or AM251 were seen in the FST. In the second experiment, administration of the FAAH inhibitor URB597 (0.1 and 0.3mg/kg) increased open arm entries in the EPM and time spent in the center quadrant in the OFT as well as significantly reduced immobility in the FST. Collectively, these data demonstrate that estrogen may elicit changes in emotional behavior through an endocannabinoid mechanism, and suggest that inhibition of FAAH represents a therapeutic target for anxiety and depression in women.THC
Just say know
Stoned as a newt?
The nectar of delight
Endocannabinoids and sperm mobility
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15
The Hedonistic Imperative
MDMA: Utopian Pharmacology
The Good Drug Guide
The Responsible Parent's Guide
To Healthy Mood Boosters For All The Family